I've been very happy with my Turris Omnia router and decided recently to take advantage of the fact that is is easily upgradable to replace the original radios for Wave 2 models.

I didn't go for a Wi-Fi 6-capable card because I don't have any devices that support it at this point. There is also an official WiFi 6 upgrade kit in the works and so I might just go with that later.

Wi-Fi card selection

After seeing a report that someone was already using these cards on the Omnia, I decided to look for the following:

Compex themselves don't appear to sell to consumers, but I found an American store that would sell them to me and ship to Canada:

Each card uses 4 antennas, which means that I would need an additional diplexer, an extra pigtail to SMA-RP connector, and two more antennas to wire everything up. Thankfully, the Omnia already comes with two extra holes drilled into the back of the router (covered by plastic caps) and so there is no need for drilling the case.

I put the two cards in the middle and right-most slots (they don't seem to go in the left-most slot because of the SIM card holder being in the way) without worrying about antennas just yet.

Driver installation

I made sure that the chipsets were supported in OpenWRT 19.07 (LTS 4.14 kernel) and found that support for the Qualcomm QCA9984 chipset was added in the ath10k driver as of kernel 4.8 but only for two cards apparently.

I installed the following proprietary firmware package via the advanced configuration interface:


and that automatically pulled in the free ath10k driver. After rebooting, I was able to see one of the two cards in the ReForis admin page and configure it.

Note that there is an alternative firmware available in OpenWRT as well (look for packages ending in -ct), but since both firmware/driver combinations gave me the same initial results, I decided to go with the defaults.


The first problem I ran into is that I could only see one of the two cards in the output of lspci (after sshing into the router). Looking for ath or wlan in the dmesg output, it doesn't look like the second card is being recognized at all.

Neither the 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz Wave 2 card worked in the right-most slot, but either of them works fine when moved to the middle slot. The stock cards work just fine in the right-most slot. I have no explanation for this.

The second problem was that I realized that the antenna holes are not all the same. The two on each end are fully round and can accommodate the diplexers which come with a round SMA-RP connector.

On the other hand, the three middle ones have a notch at the top which can only accommodate the single antenna connectors which have a flat bit on one side. I would have to file one of holes in order to add a third diplexer to my setup.

Final working configuration

Since I didn't see a way to use both new cards at once, I ended up on a different configuration that would nevertheless still upgrade both my 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wi-Fi.

I moved the original dual-band card to the right-most slot and switched it to the 2.4 GHz band since it's more powerful (both in dB and in throughput) than the original half-length card.

Then I put the WLE1216V5-20 into the middle slot.

The only extra thing I had to buy were two extra pigtails to SMA-RP connectors and antennas.

Here's what the final product looks like: